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AI & The Music Industry: How Can They Live Harmoniously?

Artificial intelligence has emerged as a valuable ally to music, offering unprecedented input in the analysis and understanding of musical compositions. Thanks to advanced techniques in audio signal processing and machine learning, AI algorithms are now capable of analyzing the nuances of music in detail, revealing unsuspected similarities and opening new avenues for musical creation and discovery.


By now, you’ve probably read an article around generative AI, and its ability to create “deepfakes” of an artist’s vocals. This is certainly a hot topic, and if you’re interested in the creative applications of AI, we have an article dedicated to this. In this article, however, we will explore the advancements of AI as it pertains to analysis with the music industry - how its use can ethically enable in-depth analysis of music by identifying similarities, while significantly enriching our musical experience.


A Music Studio

Understanding The Foundations Of AI-Assisted Musical Analysis

To fully grasp the magnitude of the AI-music revolution, it's essential to understand the fundamentals of AI-assisted musical analysis. These advancements are built upon two primary pillars: audio signal processing and machine learning. Audio signal processing involves the manipulation and analysis of sound signals to extract meaningful information. One of the key methods used with regards to this is the “Fourier transform”, which breaks down a sound signal into its frequency components.


In terms of machine learning, AI algorithms are trained to recognize patterns and structures in musical recordings using annotated databases. For example, an algorithm can be trained with data that includes details such as chord progressions, melodic patterns, and musical genres. This training enables the algorithm to associate specific musical characteristics with particular labels, allowing it to generalize and detect similar patterns in new musical works.


Applying AI Analysis Practically

Once the basics of AI analysis are established, such algorithms are able to analyze music to extract valuable information. For example, when analyzing a song, they can discern recurring patterns in harmonic frequencies, which often allows an understanding of chord progressions & harmonic similarity. Thanks to this, it is possible to recognize similar chord progressions between different songs, even if they are in different keys or belong to distinct musical genres.


These algorithms can even identify rhythmic patterns, by examining variations in beat and pulse frequencies in the music’s audio waveform. They can spot similarities in percussion patterns or bass rhythms, which helps identify links between seemingly distinct compositions.


Recommendation & Restoration Using AI

Artificial intelligence is not only dedicated to analyzing and discovering similarities between musical compositions; it also plays a crucial role in the preservation and remastering of historical music. Through its capabilities to enhance the sound quality of old recordings, AI can restore and clarify lost details, reduce noise, and thus improve the listening experience. This sonic renovation breathes new life into musical works from the past, offering listeners a better appreciation of the nuances and original richness of the compositions.


AI technologies also benefit digital streaming platforms, enabling them to create a personalized user experience. By understanding users' musical preferences based on their past listens, algorithms can recommend similar songs that match their tastes, as well as detect emerging trends in music – such as the evolution of styles, genres, and harmonic structures. This information is invaluable for music industry professionals, enabling them to anticipate market changes and adjust their strategies accordingly. Such capabilities underscore the profound impact of AI, serving not only as an analytical tool but also as an essential means of preservation and innovation in the field of music.


AI & The Music Industry: To Conclude

It is undeniable that the advancements in artificial intelligence have revolutionized the way we analyze and understand music. Thanks to sophisticated techniques in audio signal processing and machine learning, AI algorithms are capable of dissecting musical compositions and discovering patterns and similarities that eluded us previously. 


This newfound ability not only enriches our appreciation of music but also opens up exciting prospects for personalized content recommendation, trend identification, and even creative collaboration between musicians and AI systems. However, it is essential to acknowledge the ongoing debates surrounding the integration of AI in music creation, as opinions vary regarding its impact on artistic expression and creativity.

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